Mussolini against HitlerAuthor: Alfio Caruso
After Italy surrendered to the Allies, on September 8th, 1943,
thousands of Italian soldiers were captured by the Germans. Some
managed to escape, and others were asked if they wanted to return
to Italy or join the SS. 80% chose to be taken to prisoner of war
camps where they were an important part of Germany’s forced
In 1944, Mussolini and Hitler met for the last time in near Salzburg.
Having barely survived an assassination attempt in his east Prussian
Headquarters, just hours before, Hitler was visibly shaken.
Mussolini, on the other hand, had already made his decision.
On the train to that fateful meeting, Mussolini gave General Morera,
the commander in charge of the Italian military in Berlin, an urgent
pre-emptive order: to save the 700,000 Italians, Fascist and non,
behind enemy lines.
Amongst those diplomats assisting Morera on this extremely delicate
mission were twenty-seven-year-old embassy advisor
Giangaleazzo Bettoni and Red Cross rappresentative Armando
Fobbiani. Representing an Italy which had long abandoned all ideology,
these courageous diplomats managed to divert over 700,000
anti-Nazi Italian prisoners of war, most of whom were put to work as
forced labour, from deployment to the East, or worse, to the death
camps. Thanks to newly discovered documents and the first-hand
account of Renzo Morera, amongst others, journalist, author and
historian Alfio Caruso recounts a heroic and virtually unknown episode
in WWII history.
Alfio Caruso is an epic narrator of history.
Caruso puts a million pieces of the puzzle back together in a
successful effort to reconstruct history in a book of intrigue that
reads like a spy story.
Corriere della Sera
Publisher: Neri Pozza
Publish Date: 2019
Page Count: 272